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Hearing the sermon on Sunday, then reading Abraham Joshua Heschel on Monday and Flannery O’Connor on Tuesday – they all seemed to be speaking the same thing to me. This week’s prayer: Lord, I feel the weight of my choices, bearing down upon my conscience, each one a testimony to the truth that those who do evil have their greatest allies in those who do nothing. The burden of freedom is this,


I bought an entire book for these two paragraphs, but they are worth much more than I paid: “Rabbi Tarfon would say: You are not obligated to complete the work, but neither are you free to abandon it. Do not be daunted by the enormity of the world’s grief. Do justly, now, Love mercy, now. Walk humbly, now.”1 Rabbi Rami M. Shapiro, Wisdom of the Jewish Sages: A Modern Reading of Pirke Avot, p.


Holy God,

Thank you
for the one
who offends me,
for in offense
my heart is laid bare
and my idols are revealed.

My anger declares
the object of my worship.

Is it myself,
the empire,
or you?

Lord, have mercy.


One of last week’s lectionary texts was Romans 14:1-12. Why do you pass judgment on your brother or sister? Or you, why do you despise your brother or sister? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of God. (Rom. 14:10, NRSV) God of Grace, In belittling others, I am made small. By doubting their faith, I cheapen my own. In my haste to judge, I am the one condemned.


We are the Body of Christ.

He cannot go where
we refuse to tread,
speak what we
refuse to say,
or share what
we refuse to give.

May we be the
instruments of
his love and grace.



Recent & Upcoming Talks


Abandoning Jubilee — The Structural Causes of Poverty

The Jubilee law of Leviticus 25 is a radical economic plan which requires a leveling of real assets every fifty years, thus providing an economic structure that regularly dissolves large economic inequalities. It is impossible to follow the letter of the Jubilee law in a modern non-agrarian economy, but this should not free us from the responsibility of adhering to the spirit of the law. A survey of social structures in the United States reveals an economy that is contrary to the spirit of Jubilee, one that not only makes inequalities possible, but makes escaping from poverty nearly impossible.


I teach the following courses at Oklahoma Baptist University

  • PHIL 1043: Introduction to Philosophy
  • PHIL 1502: Critical Thinking
  • PHIL 2143: History of Modern Philosophy
  • PHIL 2343: History of Ancient Philosophy
  • PHIL 2353: History of Medieval Philosophy
  • PHIL 2504: History of American Philosophy
  • PHIL 3313: Political Philosophy
  • PHIL 3703: Aesthetics
  • PHIL 4563: Philosophy of Language
  • PHIL 4693: Metaphysics
  • PHIL 4663: Existentialism